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Spies in World War II

The world of espionage behind World War II. Agents, spyware, and encryption.

"Mossad LeAliyah Bet"

The "Mossad LeAliyah Bet" was a branch of the paramilitary organization Haganah in the British Mandate of Palestine, and later the State of Israel, that operated to facilitate Jewish immigration to British Palestine. During the Mandate period, it was facilitating illegal immigration in violation of governmental British restrictions. It operated from 1938 until four years after the founding of the State of Israel in 1952. It was funded directly by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (the JDC), and was not subject to the control of the Jewish Agency who operated their own Aliyah department headed by Yitzhak Rafael.

Josef Mengele - 'the Angel of Death'

A German SS officer and physician during World War II. He is mainly remembered for his actions at the Auschwitz concentration camp, where he performed deadly experiments on prisoners, and was a member of the team of doctors who selected victims to be killed in the gas chambers and was one of the doctors who administered the gas. With Red Army troops sweeping through Poland, Mengele was transferred 280 kilometres (170 mi) from Auschwitz to the Gross-Rosen concentration camp on 17 January 1945, just 10 days before the arrival of the Soviet forces at Auschwitz.

Neomi Izhar


Location Mark



English, Hebrew

Historian of the Jewish people, WW2, Holocaust, and Israel. Chief Historian of the
Mossad exhibition 'Operation Finale';. Former Director of the Illegal Immigration
Database and Information center at Atlit, Israel.
Her book 'One of the Few' was awarded first prize for Holocaust literature [2001].
Published by Yad-Vashem and Moreshet in Hebrew, English, Russian, and German.
She is Kibbutz member at Gan-Shmuel.

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